BNC: Bayonet Neill Concelman, a connector type based on coax cables and plugs widely used for several applications including early ethernet (10base-2), for military and aerospace technology and video/cine production equipment (e.g. BNC is used for SDI, HD-SDI as well as for control connections)
SDI: Serial Digital Interface, a coax-type video interface in compliance to SMPTE 259M allowing for bitrates of up to 360 Mbit/s (45 MB/s)
HD-SDI: High Definition Serial Digital Interface, a coax-type video interface in compliance to SMPTE 292M allowing for bitrates of up to 1.48 Gbit/s (185 MB/s)
3G-SDI: next generation SDI standard (SMPTE 424) supporting data rates of up to 2.97 Gbit/s (380 MB/s)
6G-SDI: SMPTE 2081, 6 Gbit/s (770 MB/s)
12G-SDI: SMPTE 2082, 12 Gbit/s (1535 MB/s)
Composite Video (RCA): single line analog video connectors once introduced by the Radio Corporation of America, supports lower resolutions like 480i or 576i
S-Video: Separate Video, a 2 channel standard for low resolution video signals (480i and 576i) - one channel is used for greyscale signals, the other one for coloring signals, usually uses 4pin mini-DIN plugs
Component Video: a 3 channel analog video standard using a set of three RCA plugs/lines and YPBPR color space
CL: Camera Link®, an AIA video signal to PC interface standard for industrial and scientific cameras, supports single and dual port modes, uses MDR26 plugs
CLB: Camera Link® Base (24bit) allows for transmission rates of up to 2.04 Gbit/s (260 MB/s)
CLM: Camera Link® Medium (48bit) allows for transmission rates of up to 4.08 Gbit/s (520 MB/s)
CLF: Camera Link® Full (64bit) supports transmission rates of up to 5.44 Gbit/s (695 MB/s)
CLD: Camera Link Deca (80bit) supports transmission rates of up to 6.8 Gbit/s (870 MB/s). This is not an official specification, but a grown entity. Some refer to it as CL Deca, others as CLF 80bit or CL Extended Full.
CXP: CoaXPress, an asymmetric serial interface standard mainly used to connect cameras to computers, uses coax cables and allows for transfer rates of up to 6.25 Gbit/s (800 MB/s).
GigE: GigE Vision, a standard for transmitting video and control data over GbE (Gigabit LAN) connections (1000/10000Base-TX via RJ-45). In theory this allows for transfer rates of up to 125 resp. 1250 MB/s, while in reality only 75-98% of the full capacity are achieved.
RJ-45: Registered Jack 45, often used for network connections; 100Base-TX (1990's LAN), 1000Base-TX = GigE/GbE, 10000Base-TX = 10GigE
SFP+: Small Form-Factor Pluggable Plus, another piece of network port technology with much lower latency compared to Base-TX, supports data transfer rates of up to 16 Gbit/s (2 GB/s)
DUAL/QUAD vs. 2x/4x [enter con. type here]: Dual or Quad connections are simultaneously operating connectors of the same type to transmit data from the camera to the recorder. That's what Allied Vision calls LAG (Link Aggregation Group). The result is as simple as transmission speeds being doubled/quadrupled over the use of just one lane. This capability is not to be confused with the existence of several connection ports of the same type. Not all cameras featuring more than one e.g. SDI port are capable to use them in multi mode.
HDMI: High Definition Multimedia Interface, a proprietary audio/video standard developed by Hitachi Maxell, Sanyo, Koninklijke Philips, Silicon Image, Sony, Technicolor and Toshiba
HDMI 1.2 (DVI): allows for transfer rates of up to 3.96 Gbit/s using 19pin type A connectors (commonly used for audio/video devices) and up to 7.92 Gbit/s (1100 MB/s) using 29pin type B connectors (usually found on PC's graphic cards, monitors etc.)
HDMI 1.3 and 1.4: allow for transfer rates of up to 10.2 Gbit/s (1300 MB/s) using 19pin type A or type C connections
HDMI 2.0: supports data rates of up to 18 Gbit/s (2.25 GB/s)
HDMI 2.1: supports data rates of up to 48 Gbit/s (6 GB/s)
PCIe: Peripheral Component Interconnect Express, a high-speed connection standard commonly known from PC graphics cards etc., lately also used for industrial and scientific cameras with throughputs of up to 20 Gbit/s (2.5 GB/s)
RS-170: alias TIA-170 Electrical Performance Standards - Monochrome Television Studio Facilities (170A defines NTSC for color television), uses BNC type coax cables
RS-232: alias TIA-232-F Interface Between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Circuit-Terminating Equipment Employing Serial Binary Data Interchange (control data port)
RS-485: alias for TIA-485-A, a standard for electrical characteristics of drivers and receivers for use in balanced digital multipoint systems (control data port)
Thunderbolt: a standard based on DisplayPort and PCIe technology currently supporting transfer rates of up to 20 Gbit/s (2.5 GB/s)
USB: Universal Serial Bus, theoretically provides data rates of up to 12 Mbit/s (1.5 MB/s)
USB 2.0 Hi-Speed: supports theoretical data rates of up to 480 Mbit/s (60 MB/s)
USB 3.0 SuperSpeed: supports theoretical transfer rates of up to 4.8 Gbit/s (615 MB/s)
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